Some common orofacial conditions are obstructive sleep disorders and temporomadibular disorders.
Obstructive sleep disorders, including snoring and sleep apnea, are caused by anatomical obstructions of the airway. Airway obstruction can occur as a result of nasal congestion, swelling, decreased tissue tone, lax musculature, enlarged tongue or tonsils, elongated soft palate, increased body fat and posterior posturing of the jaw.
Many people experience recurrent pain involving the head, jaw, face and neck. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a common cause of many of these complaints. Temporomandibular disorders are often referred to as “TMJ.”